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HOW MUCH DO YOU KNOW ABOUT THE IVY LEAGUE
常春藤盟校知多少
陳少明文 郭樹植修改

ivy-league

We have all heard about the term “Ivy League,” but not everyone can name these universities. They are all historical universities in the U.S. and all of them spread along the Upper Eastern Coast. 7 out of the 8 universities were built during the British colonial period. These Ivy League universities are: Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University and Yale University. Today these 8 universities have become synonymous with academic excellence, selectivity in admissions, and social elitism.

  我們都聽說過常青藤盟校這個詞,但不是每個人都可以叫出這些大學的名称。它們都是美國歷史悠久的大學而且全分佈在東海岸的北端。 八 所大學中的七所是在英國殖民統治時期建立的。這些常青藤大學包括:布朗大學,哥倫比亞大學,康奈爾大學,達特茅斯大學,哈佛大學,賓夕法尼亞大學,普林斯頓大學和耶魯大學如今,這八所大學已成了學習成績優秀,擇优選生和社會精英的代名词。

Do you know where the term Ivy League came from? The answer is that no one is exactly sure where it is originated. The word “League” is associated with the schools’ athletic past, because they used to play intercollegiate games together. One of the saying about the word “Ivy” arouse from a casual use by a reporter. In 1937, reporter Caswell Adams was rumored to have complained to his boss about having to write about those old “Ivy-covered” universities and in his article about the Columbia/Penn game coined the term “Ivy League.” As a matter of fact, ivy really grew well on these old New England style buildings.

  有誰知道常青藤盟校這個詞是從何而來的呢?答案是沒有人知道此詞的的確切來源。“聯盟” 這字與學校的體育史有關,因為它們常在一起進行校際運動。對“常青藤” 這字的一種說法是起源一位記著的隨意使用。 1937年,記者卡斯韋爾.亞當斯傳言曾向他的老闆表示不滿,埋怨他不得不寫有關那些老舊的“常春藤覆蓋的”大學的文章。他在寫一篇有關哥倫比亞大學和賓州大學的比賽中采用了“常春藤盟校” 這一词。事實上常春藤確實在古老的新英格蘭式建築物上長得很好。

Ivy League schools are generally viewed as some of the most prestigious, and are ranked among the best universities in the world. All eight universities were placed in the top sixteen of the U.S. News and World Report 2015 university rankings, even the top four universities. U.S. News & World Report has named a member of the Ivy League as the best national university in the past fifteen years: Princeton eight times, Harvard twice and the two schools tied for first five times.

  常春藤盟校通常被視為最負盛名,並被排名於世界上最好的大學之列。所有的八所大學都在美國新聞與世界通報2015年大學排名前十六之中,包括前四名的大學。美國新聞與世界通報在過去的十五年評選全國最好的大學中,常青藤盟校被選中的有:普林斯頓八次,哈佛大學兩次,兩所學校並列第一五次。

Ivy League universities are all privately owned. Just as public universities, they are simultaneously receiving federal government funding and private donations for academic research. Ivy League financial endowments range from Brown's $3 billion to Harvard's $36.4 billion, which is the largest financial Endowment of any academic institution in the world.

  所有的常春藤大學都是私有的。同公立大學一樣,他們也同時接受聯邦政府的資助和私人捐助的學術研究經费。常春藤盟校的財政捐贈範圍從布朗大學的30億美元到哈佛大學的364億美元,這是世界上任何學術機構能獲得的最大的金融資助。

 

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