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TAKING ADVANCED COURSES IN HIGH SCHOOL
在高中讀大學課
陳少明文 郭樹植修改

High-School-AP-CoursesStudents can take the US college-level credit courses in high schools, which benefits from a program called Advanced Placement (AP). The College Board in the US created the AP program that offers college-level curricula and exams to students who are still in high schools. If a student can obtain high scores on the AP exams, many US colleges and universities can grant the student correspondent college course credit.

  攘學生可以在高中選修有美國大學學分的課程,是得益於一個叫大學預修(AP)的課程項目。美國大學委員會創建了AP項目,給仍在高中的學生提供大學水平的課程和考試。如果學生能在AP考試獲得高分,很多美國大學可以授予學生相應的大學學分。

AP courses are offered in more than 19,000 high schools around the world and most of them are here in the United States. For a high school that offers AP courses, these courses must be audited by the College Board to make sure they satisfy the AP curricula. We can assume that the better the high school is, the more AP courses are offered. Let us take DC Public Schools for example, according to its website, for the School Year 2015-2016, AP course offerings will expand across the District of Columbia. All DC public high schools will offer at least six AP courses, but most high schools will offer many more. One high school in DC will offer as much as 29 AP courses for this school year.

  AP課程在全球的19000多個高中內開設,但大多數都在美國。對於一所開設AP課程的高中,這些課程必須通過大學理事會來進行審核,以確保它們滿足AP的課程要求。我們可以假設如果這個高中越好,AP課程提供得就越多。讓我們拿華府公立學校為例,根據其網頁,在2015-2016學年,在整個哥倫比亞特區将擴大AP課程的開設。所有華府公立高中將提供至少六個AP課程,但大多數高中將提供得更多。在華盛頓的竟有一所高中將在本學年開設高達29個AP課程。

Currently there are 37 AP courses and exams in the AP program. Course subjects are various, which includes English language, math, science, world languages, etc. Students have opportunities to choose the AP courses and exams they like to take. In the past, the most taken AP exams were English Language and Composition, and the least taken AP exam was Japanese Language and Culture. The number of high school students who have taken AP exams has grown dramatically. Last year, DC public high schools students had the highest AP participation rate in the US.

  目前在AP項目裡面有37個AP課程和考試。課程是多方面的,其中包括英語,數學,科學,世界語言等等。學生有機會選擇他們想參加的AP課程和考試。在過去,參與人數最多的AP考試是英語和寫作,參與人數最少的AP考試是日本語和文化。參加AP考試的高中學生人數正在急劇增長。去年,華府公立高中學生在美國有最高的AP參與率。

Why should a high school student take AP courses and exams? What are the benefits then? The biggest benefit could be saving money! Most US colleges and universities offer college credit for students who receive qualifying AP exam scores. Students do not have to pay these credits earned through the AP exams, which actually means they can save college tuition. Also, students who have taken some AP courses could have more time to take other courses in college. Research has shown that participating in AP program makes a student stand out in college admissions. Admission officers would probably know that a student is ready for the challenges of college if they see the student has taken AP courses in high school. Most likely students who have taken AP courses in high school have developed more college level academic skills.

  為什麼一個高中生要參加AP課程和考試呢?有什麼好處呢?最大的好處可能就是省錢!大多數美國高校給獲得合格AP考試成績的學生提供大學學分。學生不必支付通過AP考試所取得的學分,這實際上意味著他們可以節省大學學費。另外,已經參與一些AP課程的學生可以在大學有更多的時間來學習其他課程。有研究表明參加AP項目能使學生在大學錄取過程中脫穎而出。招生人員可能會知道如果一個學生在高中學習了AP課程,該學生應該準備好接受上大學的挑戰了。在高中就學習了AP課程的學生最有可能已經發展更多的具有大學水準的學習技能。

Nothing is perfect. AP program receives its criticism as well. The AP courses cover too much material in a short period time. Students may not deeply grasp the concepts and their creativity and inquiry are suppressed in the AP courses.

  沒有什麼是完美的。 AP項目也招到批評。 AP課程在很短的一段時間內涵蓋過多的內容。學生可能沒有深入把握的所學概念,並且AP課程抑制他們的創造力和探究能力。

 

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